Everything you need to know about heart disease

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Everything you need to know about heart disease

Everything you need to know about heart disease

Everything you need to know about heart disease

Everything you need to know about heart disease:-

Causes | Symptoms | Risk factors | Diagnosis | Test & Treatments | Complications | Prevention


This is a life-threatening emergency that requires quick action. In daily routine life we forget about health so its important that Everything you need to know about heart disease because its a major issue we face today.


Throughout a heart attack, the blood supply that usually nurtures the heart with oxygen is removed and also the heart muscle mass starts to pass away. Cardiac arrest-- likewise called coronary infractions-- are typical in the USA. Actually, it's approximated that a person occurs every 40 secs.

Some person that are having a heart attack have indication, while others reveal no indicators. Some signs that many individuals record are:

  • Chest pain

  • Upper body pain

  • Sweating

  • Nausea

  • Fatigue

  • Trouble breathing

Everything you need to know about heart disease


A heart assault is a serious medical emergency. Are seeking for immediately scientific attention if you or someone you understand is experiencing signs and symptoms that would sign a heart attack.

There are some cardiac conditions that can reason coronary hear attack. One of the most common causes is plaque buildup within the arteries (atherosclerosis) that prevents blood from attending to the heart muscle.

Coronary heart attacks also can be because of blood clots or a torn blood vessel. Less commonly, a coronary heart assault is caused by a blood vessel spasm.

Symptoms for a heart attack may include:

  • Chest pain or discomfort

  • Nausea

  • Sweating

  • Lightheartedness or dizziness

  • Fatigue

There are many more symptoms that can occur during a heart attack, and symptoms can differ between men and women.

Risk factors
A number of things can placed you at threat for a coronary heart assault. Some factors you could’t alternate, consisting of age and circle of relatives records. Other elements, known as modifiable risk factors, are ones you could change.

Risk factors that you can’t change include:

Age: If you’re over age sixty five, your threat for having a coronary heart assault is more.
Sex: Guys are extra at risk than women.
Own family records: When you have a own family records of coronary heart disorder, excessive blood stress, obesity, or diabetes, you’re more at hazard.
Race: People of African descent have a better chance.

Modifiable risk factors which you may alternate include:

  • Smoking

  • High cholesterol

  • Obesity

  • Lack of exercise

  • Diet and alcohol consumption

  • Stress

  • Diagnosis

A diagnosis of a heart attack is made by a doctor after they perform a physical exam and review your medical history. Your doctor will likely conduct an electrocardiogram (ECG) to monitor your heart’s electrical activity.

They should also take a sample of your blood or perform other tests to see if there’s evidence of heart muscle damage.

Tests and treatments
If your doctor diagnoses a coronary heart assault, they’ll use a variety of tests and remedies, depending at the cause.

Your physician may additionally order a cardiac cauterization. This is a probe that’s inserted into your blood vessels thru a tender flexible tube known as a catheter. It lets in your doctor to view areas in which plaque may additionally have built up. Your doctor can also inject dye into your arteries via the catheter and take an X-ray to peer how the blood flows, as well as view any blockages.

In case you’ve had a heart assault, your doctor can also suggest a method (surgical procedure or nonsurgical). Processes can relieve pain and help prevent another heart assault from taking place.


Your doctor may also prescribe medications to treat your heart attack, including:

  • Aspirin

  • Drugs to break up clots

  • Anti platelet and anticoagulants, also known as blood thinners

  • Painkillers

  • Nitroglycerin

  • Blood pressure medication

Alternative treatments

Alternative treatments and lifestyle changes can improve your heart health and reduce your risk of a heart attack. A healthy diet and lifestyle are essential in maintaining a healthy heart.

Several Complications are associated with hear attack. Whilst a coronary heart assault happens, it may disrupt your coronary heart’s ordinary rhythm, probably preventing it altogether.

When your heart stops getting a supply of blood during the heart attack, some of the tissue can die. This can weaken the heart and later cause life-threatening conditions such as heart failure.

Heart attacks can also affect your heart valves and cause leaks. The amount of time it takes to receive treatment and the area of damage will determine the long-term effects on your heart.

While there are many risk factors that are out of your control, there are still some basic steps you can take to keep your heart healthy. Smoking is a major cause of heart disease. Starting a smoking cessation program can reduce your risk. Maintaining a healthy diet, exercising, and limiting your alcohol intake are other important ways to reduce your risk.

If you have diabetes, be sure to take your medications and check your blood glucose levels regularly. If you have a heart condition, work closely with your doctor and take your medication. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about your risk of a heart attack.
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